top of page

Thinking about owning a Guinea Pig? Here are some basic ideas I wish I knew!!

Here are some basic guidelines for beginners on how to care for a guinea pig. Taking care of a guinea pig can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience

1. Provide a suitable habitat: Guinea pigs need a spacious cage with solid flooring, as wire-bottomed cages can harm their feet. The minimum recommended size for a pair of guinea pigs is 7.5 square feet (0.7 square meters), but larger is always better.

2. Bedding and nesting material: Line the cage with safe bedding material such as paper bedding, aspen shavings, or fleece. Avoid cedar and pine shavings, as they can be harmful to guinea pigs. Provide nesting material like hay for them to burrow and hide in.

3. Proper diet: Guinea pigs require a balanced diet consisting of fresh hay, high-quality guinea pig pellets, and fresh vegetables. Timothy hay is the best choice for their digestive health. Introduce fresh vegetables gradually, such as bell peppers, cucumbers, leafy greens, and carrots. Avoid feeding them foods that are toxic to guinea pigs, such as onions, garlic, chocolate, and avocados.

4. Fresh water: Provide fresh, clean water to your guinea pig at all times. Use a sipper bottle attached to the cage to prevent the water from becoming soiled.

5. Socialization and companionship: Guinea pigs are social animals and thrive on companionship. It's best to have at least two guinea pigs to keep each other company. Spend time with your guinea pigs daily, handling them gently to help them get used to human interaction.

6. Environmental enrichment: Provide your guinea pigs with toys, tunnels, and hiding places to keep them mentally stimulated. They enjoy chewing on safe wooden toys and having places to explore and hide in.

7. Regular veterinary care: Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian who has experience with guinea pigs. They can help ensure your pets are healthy and provide any necessary vaccinations or treatments. 8. Exercise and playtime: Allow your guinea pigs to have supervised time outside their cage for exercise and play. Create a secure and safe space for them to explore, making sure to protect them from potential hazards.

9. Grooming: Guinea pigs need regular grooming to keep their coats clean and healthy. They don't require baths unless they get particularly dirty, but you can spot clean them if necessary. Additionally, provide them with wooden chew sticks to keep their teeth worn down.

10.Safe handling: When handling your guinea pig, support their body with both hands, ensuring they feel secure. Avoid sudden movements or loud noises that may startle them.

Remember, guinea pigs have individual needs and personalities, so observe and adjust their care accordingly. By providing a comfortable and stimulating environment, a healthy diet, and plenty of love and attention, you can ensure your guinea pigs lead happy and fulfilling lives.


bottom of page